Español | Inglés

Acerca de Tijuana, México



Tijuana es la ciudad dominante focal del noroeste de México, Está situado justo al otro lado de la frontera de San Diego, California, EE.UU. Debido a su ubicación en la costa del Pacífico, el clima es muy moderado durante la mayor parte del año, con temperaturas medias durante el día oscilan entre 68 º F (20 º C) en enero, a 86 ° F (30 ° C) en agosto. La temporada de lluvias es corta (y dócil, con promedios anuales cercanos a solo 10 pulgadas / 254 milímetros de lluvia), y abarca fines de invierno a comienzos de primavera. Tijuana tiene una población de alrededor de 1,3 millones de personas según el último censo, incluyendo sus suburbios circundantes 1,7 millones. La ciudad ha pasado de ser una pequeña ciudad fronteriza con una reputación durante la era de la prohibición en los Estados Unidos en una ciudad grande y moderna, con una clase media considerable y en constante expansión de viviendas. Proximidad de Tijuana a Estados Unidos, junto con Rosarito, ha hecho que las dos ciudades adyacentes sean un destino turístico muy popular, especialmente para los excursionistas de San Diego.

Distritos

Compras
Tijuana cuenta con una diversidad de centros comerciales como Plaza Río, Plaza Mundo Divertido, Plaza Monarca, Plaza Carrusel, Centro Comercial Playas / Plaza Coronado, y Galerías Hipódromo. Plaza Río es el centro comercial más grande y está situado a sólo unos minutos de distancia de la frontera entre EE.UU. Paseo de los Héroes y Río Tijuana. El centro comercial alberga a Cinépolis y una sala de Cinépolis VIP película, un restaurante Sanborns y una gran variedad de tiendas, incluyendo las grandes tiendas por departamentos Sears. Plaza Mundo Divertido se encuentra en el sur de Tijuana a la altura de la mesa por la vía rápida con juegos de video y paseos mecánicos para toda la familia. Plaza Monarca está en una arteria norte-sur conocido como "Gato Bronco" la cual cuenta con sala de cine Cinépolis y supermercado de la cadena Soriana (antes un supermercado Gigante). Plaza Carrusel, llamada así porque contiene un centro de diversión para niños , a pocos minutos del centro de la Cinco y Diez La comunidad de Playas de Tijuana vio una explosión de la construcción en 2004, que produjo el complejo Plaza Coronado junto a la ya existente Comercial Mexicana.

Transporte
The city maintains a variety of transportation methods to assist in dealing with its ever-increasing population. These include predominantly air, car, and rail transportation methods as the city lacks a port. All means of transportation within the city accept both Mexican Peso and U.S. dollar as payment currencies, but no other foreign currencies. Local public transportation in Tijuana is run by semiprivate companies, and has one of the most complex, or perhaps unorganized networks. Two important Mexican federal highways end in Tijuana, one of them is Federal Highway 1, which runs south through the Baja California peninsula through Rosarito Beach, Baja Mar, and Ensenada before ending in Cabo San Lucas, Baja California Sur. From Tijuana to Ensenada, most travelers take Highway 1-D (scenic road), a four-lane, limited access toll road that runs by the coast starting at Playas de Tijuana. Mexican Federal Highway 2 runs east for 1,000 kilometers near the international border, currently as far as Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua.
The Tijuana International Airport (General Abelardo L. Rodríguez IA) is the city's main airport and serves eleven airlines with destinations across Mexico and a few into Asia. Tijuana International is also one of the busiest airports in Mexico. Aeroméxico introduced intercontinental air travel between Tijuana and two major cities in Asia: Tokyo in 2007 and Shanghai in 2008. With several private road lines, U.S. and selected Canadian destinations can be reached via the San Diego International Airport, located about 35 kilometres (22 mi) north of the international border.
The city's main bus station is in its eastern borough. There is a small terminal downtown which serves a few Mexican bus lines and U.S.-based Greyhound Lines and Crucero USA. Another bus station is located near the border with frequent services to Ensenada, and other major cities including Mazatlán, Culiacán, Hermosillo, and Guadalajara. Major bus lines operating in Tijuana include Azul y Blanco de Magallanes (Blue & White) and Transporte Efectivo Express de Tijuana - TEEXTI; modernizing system originally intended to phase out the other lines that partially introduced but ceased and merged with Azul y Blanco.
In 2006, Tijuana underwent a major overhaul of its existing system of guayines, or shared fixed-route station wagons, forcing the replacement of the guayines with new models of vans, serving as fixed-route taxis. Major transit hubs include Centro (Downtown Tijuana), Otay, Soler, and the Cinco y Diez avenues. Taxi lines operating in the city include Free Taxis, those that do not maintain a specific route; Economic Taxis; Diamond Taxis - black or yellow cabs; and regular taxis maintaining a set route. There are as many bus lines and routes as fixed-route taxi ones or calafias, and new routes for buses, taxis or calafias are frequently created, due to high demand of public transportation. Public transportation service is inexpensive, with bus tickets at maximum, USD $0.75. Fixed-route taxis are somewhat more expensive, depending on the taxi route, reaching USD $2.00. Bus, taxi and calafia lines and routes are distinguished from one another by their vehicles colors.
From the U.S. side, San Ysidro is the southern terminus of San Diego's municipal bus and light rail (San Diego Trolley) systems, providing public transportation to and from the Mexican border with Tijuana. The newly-rebuilt San Ysidro trolley station is located directly next to the U.S. Customs and Border Protection facility. Tijuana is home to the world's busiest border crossing with about 300,000 people crossing the border between San Diego and Tijuana every day. Queues take anywhere from a few minutes to an hour or more to cross to the United States, on non-US holidays, with wait of a few hours on US national holidays or some Mexican holidays. Expect street vendors during the wait. However, after clearing customs and immigration formalities, Interstate 5 is a major 8-10 lane freeway from San Ysidro to downtown San Diego, Los Angeles, and north to the Canadian border. Interstate 805 branches off from I-5 just north of the border, and takes a more easterly route which bypasses downtown San Diego, rejoining with I-5 in the northern part of the city. From the Otay Mesa border crossing, Otay Mesa Road takes drivers west to connect with both I-805 and I-5.